Monday, 26 November 2012

Kamera | 7 Kelebihan Kamera Crop

Kalau kita google pasal perbezaan kamera full frame macam Canon 5D Mark II bandingkan dengan kamera crop sensor macam Canon 7D, 60D, 650D, 600D, 550D dan lain-lain, banyak yang puji kamera full frame. 

Kali ni APKINS nak memberontak dan nak cerita pasal kelebihan kamera crop!

HIDUP HIDUP!

Apa itu full frame & crop?


<Gambar curi dari gugel> 

Kita tengok gambar kat atas ni, kamera belah kiri adalah kamera full frame, Canon 5D namanya. Belah kanan pulak kita ada kamera crop sensor, Canon 50D namanya. Nampak kawasan dalam lens mount besi tu, ada benda macam skrin hitam, itulah benda yang dipanggil sensor. Sensor 5D besar dari 50D kan? Sebab tu lah 5D dipanggil full frame.

Ramai pro suka kamera full frame atas sebab-sebab sendiri. Kamera full frame memang bagus, tapi untuk yang tak bernasib baik (takde poket tebal...) kita pakai la kamera crop. Tapi jangan risau! Setiap benda ada kelebihan dan kekurangan... Kali ni kita fokus sebab-sebab kenapa kamera crop bagus?


1. Nisbah Kualiti dan Harga
Kamera full frame terbaru buat masa ni dari Canon ialah Canon 6D tapi tak jual lagi. Jadi kita cakap pasal Canon 5D Mark III. Kamera tu RM11,000 kot, tanpa lens! Gambar memang superb. Lepas tu kamera 550D yang berharga dalam RM2.5k dengan kit lens, boleh jugak produce gambar cantik. Jauh tu!

2. Kamera Lagi Kompak!
Body kamera crop lagi kecik dan lagi ringan daripada kamera crop (biasanya lah..). Canon 600D letak sebelah 5D memang kecik giler~ Ringan pun ringan senang nak bawak gi jalan-jalan.

3. Lebih 'REACH'
Dengan kamera crop, focal length lens kita pun bertambah jugak sebab field of view menyempit. Perkiraan tu kita kira camni;

Focal Length x Field of View Crop Factor = Equivalent 35mm Focal Length

contoh;
50mm x 1.6 = 80mm

Jadi kalau lens 50mm letak kat kamera crop, ia bagaikan pakai lens 80mm kat full frame. Ini jadi kelebihan kepada mereka yang tangkap gambar wildlife atau sukan! Ye lah, mesti nak lens panjang, takkan nak tangkap gambar rimau kena masuk kandang rimau pulak?

4. Lebih Pilihan Lens
Canon ada dua jenis sambungan lens ke body (lens mount), satu untuk lens EF dan lagi satu untuk lens EF-S. Lens EF ni adalah lens-lens untuk kamera full frame dan EF-S adalah untuk kamera crop. Contoh lens EF-S adalah kit lens 18-55mm tu. Bentuk sambungan dia lain jadi korang memang tak boleh pasang kat kamera 5D yang hanya terima lens EF sahaja. Tapi dekat kamera crop macam Canon 600D, dia boleh terima dua-dua lens EF dan lens EF-S! Pengguna full frame, jeles ke der?

5. Lens Lebih Murah!
Kebanyakan lens untuk kamera crop murah-murah berbanding lens untuk kamera full frame. Sebab kamera full frame perlukan kaca yang besar untuk fokuskan cahaya kat sensor yang besar. Kamera crop tidak! Jadi sebab tu wujud lens murah-murah macam kitlens.

6. Kurang Masalah 'Corner Shading'
Masalah gambar jadi gelap kat bahagian tepi biasanya dipanggil 'vignette' atau 'corner shading'. Masalah ni biasanya sebab kelemahan lens. Tapi sebab sensor crop lagi kecik, dia tak pakai bahagian tepi lens, dia guna bahagian lens yang bagus je kat tengah, jadi kurang masalah corner shading!

7. Lebih DOF
Sekarang ni ramai orang gila kat bokeh. Tapi bukan selalu kita nak bokeh tu. Kadang-kadang kita nak jugak Depth of Field (DOF) yang besar. Dengan sensor yang kecik of kos DOF lagi besar!

JOM BELAJAR SAMA-SAMA: Siri Tutorial Fotografi

Sunday, 25 November 2012

Isu Fotografi | DSLR untuk Video


APKINS bukan kaki video tapi since orang mintak, cuba lah sikit-sikit.

Sekarang ni kita boleh tengok makin ramai videographers guna DSLR untuk buat video. Contoh Phillip Bloom yang terkenal buat dokumentari dan filem guna DSLR 5D Mark III dan Panasonic GH2. Ada jugak yang terkenal di Malaysia macam Madmie dan Umar Mita. Movie pulak, Avengers dan Act of Valor adalah contoh-contoh video tahap wayang yang shoot guna DSLR.

Memang best tengok hasil kerja diorang. Sebagai anak murid Phillip Bloom APKINS nak sembang pasal kelemahan DSLR dalam videografi dulu.

1. Sensor besar
Sensor yang besar bagus, boleh buat shallow depth of field (DOF) shots yang sangat osem, bagi viewers fokus kat satu tempat yang kita nak tunjukkan dan lupakan apa yang sekeliling sebab semua tu jadi bokeh. Tapi ada certain shots yang perlukan DOF yang besar, boleh je kita tutup aperture sampai ke tahap f/16 kalau diperlukan, tapi kita hilang banyak cahaya. Ok kalau itu masa tengah hari, tapi macam mana pulak malam? Kita tak boleh buat DOF yang besar dalam low light. Jadi time malam kena pandai la tambah lighting sendiri kalau nak pakai f/16.

2. Aliasing & Sharpness
Banyak kamera DSLR ada fungsi video recording biasanya ada sensor yang tinggi megapixel density, 10 Megapixel dan keatas. Tapi video full HD hanya nak 1920x1080 resolution je. Downsizing ni banyak buang detail seperti sharpness dan menjadikan masalah baru macam aliasing dan lain-lain.

3. Noise
Dalam filem kita ada film grain. Kita dah memang terbiasa tengok film grain sampaikan boleh dikatakan dia 'define' idea kita tentang video tahap wayang dan tak perasan pun dia ada kat situ. Tapi dengan DSLR kita ada digital noise yang tak cantik. Film grain cantik lagi.

4. Sound
DSLR punya built in microphone semuanya sangat primitif lagi simple. Kalau di dedicated video camera kita ada shotgun microphone biasanya built-in terus. Kalau DSLR kita kena pasang lain kat atas kamera. Itu pun kalau DSLR tu ada microphone jack input.

5. Ergonomics
Dedicated video camera biasanya berat untuk lebih inertia dan besar sampai boleh letak atas bahu untuk stabilkan video. Tapi DSLR kecik dang ringan. Footage bergegar dari DSLR memang perkara biasa kalau tak pakai rig.

6. Frame rate
Buat masa sekarang frame rate full HD kebanyakan kamera sampai 30fps maksimum. Sony je yang letak sampai 60fps. Kalau nak buat slow motion memang tak boleh dengan 30fps. Hanya kamera video je yang mampu capai 240fps dan lagi tinggi lagi untuk slow-mo yang cun.

7. Resolution
Kebanyakan kamera DSLR hanya shoot 1080p full HD video tapi sebenarnya banyak wayang shoot dalam resolution 4K ke, IMAX punya resolution ke, sebab kalau diorang nak reframe video tu tak ada masalah, boleh crop je. Senang. 

8. RAW video
Tanpa RAW video kita tak cukup latitude (dalam bahasa gambar Dynamic Range) untuk post processing! Ramai DSLR film makers guna CineStyle dan banyak lagi flat picture styles lain tapi masih tak cukup latitude~!

Banyak lagi lah kelemahan DSLR dalam video sebab diorang memang design DSLR untuk gambar. Tapi orang guna jugak sebab bukan semua orang mampu nak pakai cinema grade camera macam RED EPIC. DSLR ni jadi satu alternatif kepada indie film makers kat luar sana. Sebab segala kelemahan tu korang lah yang kena pandai atasi atau cari 'work around' jalan alternatif gitu.

Tips simple-simple nak dapat video cantik guna DSLR 
Untung sesiapa yang pakai Canon 550D dan keatas (600D, 60D, 7D, 5D Mark II etc.) kita boleh amik video tahap wayang guna DSLR kita.

1. Guna Manual Exposure
Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO segalanya kawal sendiri. Aperture boleh kawal DOF. Shutter speed letak dua kali ganda dari frame rate, contohnya kalau shoot 30fps, letak shutter speed 1/60s. Kalau lebih nanti subjek yang bergerak akan nampak 'jumpy'. ISO pulak guna serendah yang mungkin, kalau boleh jangan melepasi ISO 1600 bila noise dah kacau video. Lepas tu cuba dapatkan exposure meter tu dekat dengan '0' mark dan jangan overexpose.

2. Guna Manual Focus
Manual fokus lebih tepat dan tak ada focus-hunting masa record video.

3. Guna Picture Style yang sesuai
Kalau korang nak edit dekat program macam Adobe Premiere, Adobe After Effects, Sony Vegas, Final Cut dan lain-lain sila pakai custom picture style dengan setting sekian:


NEUTRAL
Sharpness: 0
Contrast: -4
Saturation: -2
Color Tone: 0

Kalau takde plan nak edit warna, pakailah yang mana korang suka ikut kesesuaian; Neutral ke, Portrait ke.

4. Kawal White Balance
Jangan lupa kat White Balance korang pulak bila shoot video. Jaga cara yang sama dengan masa tangkap gambar.

5. STABILKAN kamera!
Ini sangat penting, letak kamera atas tripod atau monopod atau flycam untuk video yang smooth.

6. Jangan zoom in out!
Pening orang kalau korang zoom dalam recording, lagi bagus korang berhentikan recording kejap, zoom lepas tu baru sambung balik recording. Kalau nak pun slow-slow zoom dan pastikan lens korang tu constant aperture zoom lens, kalau tidak exposure berubah.

7. Subscribe channel YouTube sifu yang ajar DSLR film making
Banyak lagi benda yang kita perlu tau nak buat video tahap wayang. Jadi cari sifu-sifu yang sesuai.
  1. Fenchel & Janisch
  2. Neumann Films
  3. Dave Dugdale
  4. Phillip Bloom
  5. DSLR Film Noob
Ini baru lima, sebenarnya ada banyak lagi yang hebat-hebat buat video ni. Ilmu videografi sangat luas, pembelajaran tak habis dekat shooting, mesti editing dan lain-lain. Tak ada masalah nak shoot video dengan kamera DSLR, yang penting skill ada nak buat. Jadi bila orang tanya,

"Kalau nak tangkap video kenapa pakai DSLR, tak beli video kamera?"
Jawab,

"Tolong belikan Sony FS700 atau RED Scarlet..."



JOM BELAJAR BERSAMA APKINS: Siri Tutorial Fotografi

Saturday, 24 November 2012

HDR & Exposure Bracketing

Kali ni kita cerita pasal camne nak buat HDR guna Exposure Bracketing. APKINS takdelah suka sangat gambar HDR ni, lagi prefer gambar yang warnanya real lagi jujur. Eh jangan lemah semangat pulak, kena ikut taste sendiri jugak.

Camne nak buat HDR ni? Mula-mula kita framing dulu apa yang kita nak, letak kamera atas tripod sebab kita nak tangkap banyak frame gambar dengan exposure berlainan dari tempat yang sama. Kalau bergerak tak jadi. Jadi tripod tu jadi satu kemestian. Jom kita kena belajar pasal Exposure Bracketing. Kalau pros tu diorang pakai Manual mode ke macam-macam, takyah susah-susah, letak mode dial korang kat Program Mode (P).

Lepas tu masuk menu 'Drive mode' untuk aktifkan 'continuous shooting' sebab kita memang nak tangkap lebih dari satu gambar sekali tekan kan? Kebiasaannya drive mode menu ni ada shortcut kat navigation buttons, untuk 600D kat belah kiri button 'SET'. Menu tu macam gambar kat bawah ni.



Lepas tu kita nak suruh kamera tangkap gambar dengan exposure berlainan, kita pegi MENU dan cari 'Expo.Comp/AEB' kat tab kedua.



Masuk setting tu anda akan nampak ni;



Pusing command wheel kat depan sampai line merah tu terpisah. Bergantung kat korang nak perbezaan satu atau dua f/stop. Cuba lah dua-dua, ada orang suka satu stop je. Kalau korang nak HDR lagi ekstrem cuba pakai perbezaan dua stop. Perbezaan satu stop akan jadi camni;



Lepas tu tekan 'SET' keluar dari MENU. Nampak tak EV meter tu ada dua dot bawah +1 dan -1 stop? Auto Exposure Bracket dah aktif dan boleh mula tembak HDR!



Ada kamera boleh proses HDR dalam camera, ada yang tak boleh. Jadi lepas tembak, masuk komputer dan proses kat Photoshop atau Photomatix atau apa-apa program yang korang suka. Contoh kat Photoshop korang boleh buat; 

File > Automate > Merge to HDR Pro

Camni;



Lepas tu pandai-pandai la main dengan slider-slider yang ada kat situ. Good luck!


Oleh sebab APKINS kurang suka gambar HDR jadi malas nak buat. Takde sampel dari APKINS sendiri jadi kali ni jom kita tengok gambar-gambar HDR yang osem dari GUGEL








Stay tuned. Insyallah ada lagi artikel akan datang~
JOM BELAJAR BERSAMA APKINS: Siri Tutorial Fotografi

Thursday, 22 November 2012

Cara Bersihkan Sensor Guna 'Dry Method'

Pernah tak terjadi kat korang gambar camni? SENSOR BERHABUK!
- Highlight dengan bintang -



Biasanya tak perasan sangat untuk normal shooting tapi bila guna aperture kecik untuk landscape benda ni jadi sangat ketara. Jangan takut jangan nangis. Tak perlu risau. Kita tukar-tukar lens selalu masa shooting jadi sensor berhabuk ni memang perkara biasa. Biasanya takdelah susah sangat nak bersihkan. Tapi jaga-jaga! SENSOR ADALAH PART PALING MAHAL UNTUK BODY DSLR ANDA. Hang pedajal dia, menangis pun tiada guna... Jadi buat dengan teliti dan berhati-hati berlimpa-limpa! DO IT AT YOUR OWN RISK.


Step 1: Check! 
Kalau korang syak sensor DSLR korang lekat habuk, cari dinding warna cerah atau kertas A4 atau apa-apa benda yang warnanya cerah dan sekata.

Lepas tu set lens ke manual focus dan focus ke infiniti, lepas tu tangkap gambar dinding tu. Lebih digalakkan untuk guna setting aperture sekecil yang boleh. Mungkin dalam f/8 dan kecik lagi. Nak f/22 pun boleh asalkan shutter speed cukup untuk dapatkan gambar out of focus kertas putih atau background cerah tu.

Dengan gambar background cerah yang out of focus tu kita boleh check ada ke tak penjelmaan makhluk dinamakan habuk-habuk ni. Korang boleh check in camera atau dalam komputer kalau rajin. Kalau putih bersih, teruskan hidup seperti biasa. Ada kemungkinan itu adalah habuk yang melekat pada lens. Jadi masa check kalau boleh gunakan dua lens. Kalau tompok tu hanya berlaku kat satu lens je, sila bersihkan lens. Kalau tompok yang sama ada kat dua-dua lens, itu bermaksud habuk itu ada melekat atas sensor.

Kalau ada penjelmaan entiti yang normal dipanggil habuk, teruskan membaca!


Step 2: Cari 'Air Blower'. 

Kalau takde, pinjam orang punya atau lebih digalakkan beli satu. Murah lagi berguna kot!


Step 3: Mount DSLR atas tripod, kamera ke bawah.

Abaikan segala anasir jahat di belakang. Tangkap gambar guna kamera henpon je malas nak sorok barang, rumah bersepah. ;-) 

Letak atas tripod dengan kamera tunduk ke bawah dan keluarkan lens. Takde tripod? Beli tripod ahaha. Kalau nak suruh kawan pegang agak berisiko, takut dalam proses tetiba terkena. Hmm... Pepandai la korang bagi kamera duk diam... 


Step 4: Keluarkan lens.
Pastikan buat di kawasan yang angin tak kuat! Ye dalam rumah takkan nak buat kat padang pasir sahara yang berhabuk kot? Lepas tu kalau ada kipas tu slow-kan sikit, turn off pun okey.

Erm... Tekan butang kat belah depan body DSLR tepi lens tu, dan pusing lens anda sampai dia keluar. Sebaiknya tutup bahagian belakang lens tu dengan rear lens cap kalau ada supaya habuk tak lekat kat dia pulak!


Step 5: Sensor Cleaning Mode!
WARNING! Korang digalakkan untuk buat benda ni guna bateri yang penuh. Sebab kamera ni kena sentiasa hidup untuk naikkan mirror yang ada kat dalam...

Kalau kamera anda Canon lebih kurang camni la. Nikon pun lebih kurang sama jugak. Rujuk manual kamera anda untuk lebih detail. Tapi untuk Canon ni;

MENU > Sensor Cleaning > Clean Manually > OK






Step 6: Tiup!

Bila korang nampak mirror dah naik dan boleh nampak sensor kat dalam, tiup angin ke dalam kamera. Kita letak kamera dalam posisi ni supaya habuk yang ditiup tu jatuh ke bawah ikut graviti. Biasanya tak perlu pam angin kuat-kuat pun boleh. Perasan tak air blower tu tiup jauh-jauh? Blower tak perlu masuk ke dalam sangat sampai lebih mount tu. Dari situ cukup.

Tiup puas-puas ye~



Step 7: Re-Check!
Pasang semua lens lepas tu tangkap lagi gambar out of focus background cerah tu macam step pertama sekali tadi. Kalau kamera anda masih dihantui kehadiran entiti paranormal ulang step-step di atas sampai bersih.

Kalau ada jugak, bawak DSLR ke hospital DSLR yang berdekatan sebab 'wet method' memerlukan skil yang up sikit dan agak risky...


Salvage Shot?
Kalau shot yang anda tangkap ada tompok habuk dan anda sayang nak delete gambar tu, buka editing program yang anda pandai guna untuk bersihkan tompok-tompok tu. Saya guna Photoshop CS6 dan Lightroom 3.6, dua-dua ada fungsi spot removal untuk buang tompok yang tidak dikehendaki.

Boleh je selamatkan shot yang berhabuk kat atas, tapi saya nak feel lebih, jadi saya re-do shot tu.


Selamat membersihkan sensor, selamat menembak serta ditembak.

Stay tuned. Insyallah ada lagi artikel akan datang~
JOM BELAJAR BERSAMA APKINS: Siri Tutorial Fotografi

Wednesday, 21 November 2012

Ucapan Tun Dr Mahathir di OIC Islamic Summit 2003

Jangan jadikan kelemahan dalam Bahasa Inggeris jadi alasan kepada anda untuk tidak mengambil ikhtibar dari ucapan Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.


Speech by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia
to the Tenth Islamic Summit Conference
Putrajaya, Malaysia, October 16, 2003


        Alhamdulillah, All Praise be to Allah, by whose Grace and Blessings we, the leaders of the Organisation of Islamic Conference countries are gathered here today to confer and hopefully to plot a course for the future of Islam and the Muslim ummah worldwide.
2.       On behalf of the Government and the people of many races and religions of Malaysia, may I extend a warm welcome to all and everyone to this Tenth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference in Putrajaya, Malaysia’s administrative capital.
3.       It is indeed a great honour for Malaysia to host this Session and to assume the Chairmanship of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC). I thank the members for their confidence in Malaysia’s Chairmanship.
4.       May I also take this opportunity to pay a special tribute to the State of Qatar, in particular His Highness Shaikh Hamad Bin Khalifa AI-Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar, for his outstanding stewardship of our Organisation over the past three years.
5.       As host, Malaysia is gratified at the high level of participation from member countries. This clearly demonstrates our continued and abiding faith in, and commitment to our Organisation and our collective wish and determination to strengthen our role for the dignity and benefit of the ummah.
6.       I would also like to welcome the leaders and representatives of the many countries who wish to become observers at this meeting because of their substantial Muslim population. Whether they are Muslims or not, their presence at this meeting will help towards greater understanding of Islam and the Muslims, thus helping to disprove the perception of Islam as a religion of backwardness and terror.
7.       The whole world is looking at us. Certainly 1.3 billion Muslims, one-sixth of the world’s population are placing their hopes in us, in this meeting, even though they may be cynical about our will and capacity to even decide to restore the honour of Islam and the Muslims, much less to free their brothers and sisters from the oppression and humiliation from which they suffer today.
8.       I will not enumerate the instances of our humiliation and oppression, nor will I once again condemn our detractors and oppressors. It would be an exercise in futility because they are not going to change their attitudes just because we condemn them. If we are to recover our dignity and that of Islam, our religion, it is we who must decide, it is we who must act.
9.       To begin with, the Governments of all the Muslim countries can close ranks and have a common stand if not on all issues, at least on some major ones, such as on Palestine. We are all Muslims. We are all oppressed. We are all being humiliated. But we who have been raised by Allah above our fellow Muslims to rule our countries have never really tried to act in concert in order to exhibit at our level the brotherhood and unity that Islam enjoins upon us.
10.       But not only are our Governments divided, the Muslim ummah is also divided, and divided again and again. Over the last 1400 years the interpreters of Islam, the learned ones, the ulamas have interpreted and reinterpreted the single Islamic religion brought by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, so differently that now we have a thousand religions which are often so much at odds with one another that we often fight and kill each other.
11.       From being a single ummah we have allowed ourselves to be divided into numerous sects, mazhabs and tarikats, each more concerned with claiming to be the true Islam than our oneness as the Islamic ummah. We fail to notice that our detractors and enemies do not care whether we are true Muslims or not. To them we are all Muslims, followers of a religion and a Prophet whom they declare promotes terrorism, and we are all their sworn enemies. They will attack and kill us, invade our lands, bring down our Governments whether we are Sunnis or Syiahs, Alawait or Druze or whatever. And we aid and abet them by attacking and weakening each other, and sometimes by doing their bidding, acting as their proxies to attack fellow Muslims. We try to bring down our Governments through violence, succeeding to weaken and impoverish our countries.
12.       We ignore entirely and we continue to ignore the Islamic injunction to unite and to be brothers to each other, we the Governments of the Islamic countries and the ummah.
13.       But this is not all that we ignore about the teachings of Islam. We are enjoined to Read, Iqraq i.e. to acquire knowledge. The early Muslims took this to mean translating and studying the works of the Greeks and other scholars before Islam. And these Muslim scholars added to the body of knowledge through their own studies.
14.       The early Muslims produced great mathematicians and scientists, scholars, physicians and astronomers etc. and they excelled in all the fields of knowledge of their times, besides studying and practising their own religion of Islam. As a result the Muslims were able to develop and extract wealth from their lands and through their world trade, able to strengthen their defences, protect their people and give them the Islamic way of life, Addin, as prescribed by Islam. At the time the Europeans of the Middle Ages were still superstitious and backward, the enlightened Muslims had already built a great Muslim civilisation, respected and powerful, more than able to compete with the rest of the world and able to protect the ummah from foreign aggression. The Europeans had to kneel at the feet of Muslim scholars in order to access their own scholastic heritage.
15.       The Muslims were lead by great leaders like Abdul Rahman III, AI-Mansur, Salah El Din AI Ayubi and others who took to the battlefields at the head of their forces to protect Muslim land and the ummah.

16. But halfway through the building of the great Islamic civilisation came new interpreters of Islam who taught that acquisition of knowledge by Muslims meant only the study of Islamic theology. The study of science, medicine etc. was discouraged.

17.       Intellectually the Muslims began to regress. With intellectual regression the great Muslim civilisation began to falter and wither. But for the emergence of the Ottoman warriors, Muslim civilisation would have disappeared with the fall of Granada in 1492.

18.       The early successes of the Ottomans were not accompanied by an intellectual renaissance. Instead they became more and more preoccupied with minor issues such as whether tight trousers and peak caps were Islamic, whether printing machines should be allowed or electricity used to light mosques. The Industrial Revolution was totally missed by the Muslims. And the regression continued until the British and French instigated rebellion against Turkish rule brought about the downfall of the Ottomans, the last Muslim world power and replaced it with European colonies and not independent states as promised. It was only after World War II that these colonies became independent.
19.       Apart from the new nation-states we also accepted the western democratic system. This also divided us because of the political parties and groups that we form, some of which claim Islam for themselves, reject the Islam of other parties and refuse to accept the results of the practice of democracy if they fail to gain power for themselves. They resort to violence, thus destabilising and weakening Muslim countries.
20.       With all these developments over the centuries the ummah and the Muslim civilisation became so weak that at one time there was not a single Muslim country which was not colonised or hegemonised by the Europeans. But regaining independence did not help to strengthen the Muslims. Their states were weak and badly administered, constantly in a state of turmoil. The Europeans could do what they liked with Muslim territories. It is not surprising that they should excise Muslim land to create the state of Israel to solve their Jewish problem. Divided, the Muslims could do nothing effective to stop the Balfour and Zionist transgression.
21.       Some would have us believe that, despite all these, our life is better than that of our detractors. Some believe that poverty is Islamic, sufferings and being oppressed are Islamic. This world is not for us. Ours are the joys of heaven in the afterlife. All that we have to do is to perform certain rituals, wear certain garments and put up a certain appearance. Our weakness, our backwardness and our inability to help our brothers and sisters who are being oppressed are part of the Will of Allah, the sufferings that we must endure before enjoying heaven in the hereafter. We must accept this fate that befalls us. We need not do anything. We can do nothing against the Will of Allah.
22.       But is it true that it is the Will of Allah and that we can and should do nothing? Allah has said in Surah Ar-Ra’d verse 11 that He will not change the fate of a community until the community has tried to change its fate itself.
23.       The early Muslims were as oppressed as we are presently. But after their sincere and determined efforts to help themselves in accordance with the teachings of Islam, Allah had helped them to defeat their enemies and to create a great and powerful Muslim civilisation. But what effort have we made especially with the resources that He has endowed us with.
24.       We are now 1.3 billion strong. We have the biggest oil reserve in the world. We have great wealth. We are not as ignorant as the Jahilliah who embraced Islam. We are familiar with the workings of the world’s economy and finances. We control 57 out of the 180 countries in the world. Our votes can make or break international organisations. Yet we seem more helpless than the small number of Jahilliah converts who accepted the Prophet as their leader. Why? Is it because of Allah’s will or is it because we have interpreted our religion wrongly, or failed to abide by the correct teachings of our religion, or done the wrong things?
25.       We are enjoined by our religion to prepare for the defence of the ummah. Unfortunately we stress not defence but the weapons of the time of the Prophet. Those weapons and horses cannot help to defend us any more. We need guns and rockets, bombs and warplanes, tanks and warships for our defence. But because we discouraged the learning of science and mathematics etc. as giving no merit for the akhirat, today we have no capacity to produce our own weapons for our defence. We have to buy our weapons from our detractors and enemies. This is what comes from the superficial interpretation of the Quran, stressing not the substance of the Prophet’s sunnah and the Quran’s injunctions but rather the form, the manner and the means used in the 1st Century of the Hijrah. And it is the same with the other teachings of Islam. We are more concerned with the forms rather than the substance of the words of Allah and adhering only to the literal interpretation of the traditions of the Prophet.
26.       We may want to recreate the first century of the Hijrah, the way of life in those times, in order to practise what we think to be the true Islamic way of life. But we will not be allowed to do so. Our detractors and enemies will take advantage of the resulting backwardness and weakness in order to dominate us. Islam is not just for the 7th Century A.D. Islam is for all times. And times have changed. Whether we like it or not we have to change, not by changing our religion but by applying its teachings in the context of a world that is radically different from that of the first century of the Hijrah. Islam is not wrong but the interpretations by our scholars, who are not prophets even though they may be very learned can be wrong. We have a need to go back to the fundamental teachings of Islam to find out whether we are indeed believing in and practising the Islam that the Prophet preached. It cannot be that we are all practising the correct and true Islam when our beliefs are so different from one another.
27.       Today we, the whole Muslim ummah are treated with contempt and dishonour. Our religion is denigrated. Our holy places desecrated. Our countries are occupied. Our people starved and killed.
28.       None of our countries are truly independent. We are under pressure to conform to our oppressors. wishes about how we should behave, how we should govern our lands, how we should think even.
29.       Today if they want to raid our country, kill our people, destroy our villages and towns, there is nothing substantial that we can do. Is it Islam which has caused all these? Or is it that we have failed to do our duty according to our religion?
30.       Our only reaction is to become more and more angry. Angry people cannot think properly. And so we find some of our people reacting irrationally. They launch their own attacks, killing just about anybody including fellow Muslims to vent their anger and frustration. Their Governments can do nothing to stop them. The enemy retaliates and puts more pressure on the Governments. And the Governments have no choice but to give in, to accept the directions of the enemy, literally to give up their independence of action.
31.       With this their people and the ummah become angrier and turn against their own Governments. Every attempt at a peaceful solution is sabotaged by more indiscriminate attacks calculated to anger the enemy and prevent any peaceful settlement. But the attacks solve nothing. The Muslims simply get more oppressed.
32.       There is a feeling of hopelessness among the Muslim countries and their people. They feel that they can do nothing right. They believe that things can only get worse. The Muslims will forever be oppressed and dominated by the Europeans and the Jews. They will forever be poor, backward and weak. Some believe, as I have said, this is the Will of Allah, that the proper state of the Muslims is to be poor and oppressed in this world.
33.       But is it true that we should do and can do nothing for ourselves? Is it true that 1.3 billion people can exert no power to save themselves from the humiliation and oppression inflicted upon them by a much smaller enemy? Can they only lash back blindly in anger? Is there no other way than to ask our young people to blow themselves up and kill people and invite the massacre of more of our own people?
34.       It cannot be that there is no other way. 1.3 billion Muslims cannot be defeated by a few million Jews. There must be a way. And we can only find a way if we stop to think, to assess our weaknesses and our strength, to plan, to strategise and then to counter attack. As Muslims we must seek guidance from the Al-Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet. Surely the 23 years. struggle of the Prophet can provide us with some guidance as to what we can and should do.
35.       We know he and his early followers were oppressed by the Qhuraish. Did he launch retaliatory strikes? No. He was prepared to make strategic retreats. He sent his early followers to a Christian country and he himself later migrated to Madinah. There he gathered followers, built up his defence capability and ensured the security of his people. At Hudaibiyah he was prepared to accept an unfair treaty, against the wishes of his companions and followers. During the peace that followed he consolidated his strength and eventually he was able to enter Mecca and claim it for Islam. Even then he did not seek revenge. And the peoples of Mecca accepted Islam and many became his most powerful supporters, defending the Muslims against all their enemies.
36.       That briefly is the story of the struggle of the Prophet. We talk so much about following the sunnah of the Prophet. We quote the instances and the traditions profusely. But we actually ignore all of them.
37.       If we use the faculty to think that Allah has given us then we should know that we are acting irrationally. We fight without any objective, without any goal other than to hurt the enemy because they hurt us. Naively we expect them to surrender. We sacrifice lives unnecessarily, achieving nothing other than to attract more massive retaliation and humiliation.
38.       It is surety time that we pause to think. But will this be wasting time? For well over half a century we have fought over Palestine. What have we achieved? Nothing. We are worse off than before. If we had paused to think then we could have devised a plan, a strategy that can win us final victory. Pausing and thinking calmly is not a waste of time. We have a need to make a strategic retreat and to calmly assess our situation.
39.       We are actually very strong. 1.3 billion people cannot be simply wiped out. The Europeans killed 6 million Jews out of 12 million. But today the Jews rule this world by proxy. They get others to fight and die for them.
40.       We may not be able to do that. We may not be able to unite all the 1.3 billion Muslims. We may not be able to get all the Muslim Governments to act in concert. But even if we can get a third of the ummah and a third of the Muslim states to act together, we can already do something. Remember that the Prophet did not have many followers when he went to Madinah. But he united the Ansars and the Muhajirins and eventually he became strong enough to defend Islam.
41.       Apart from the partial unity that we need, we must take stock of our assets. I have already mentioned our numbers and our oil wealth. In today’s world we wield a lot of political, economic and financial clout, enough to make up for our weakness in military terms.
42.       We also know that not all non-Muslims are against us. Some are welldisposed towards us. Some even see our enemies as their enemies. Even among the Jews there are many who do not approve of what the Israelis are doing.
43.       We must not antagonise everyone. We must win their hearts and minds. We must win them to our side not by begging for help from them but by the honourable way that we struggle to help ourselves. We must not strengthen the enemy by pushing everyone into their camps through irresponsible and unIslamic acts. Remember Salah El Din and the way he fought against the so called Crusaders, King Richard of England in particular. Remember the considerateness of the Prophet to the enemies of Islam. We must do the same. It is winning the struggle that is important, not angry retaliation, not revenge.
44.       We must build up our strength in every field, not just in armed might. Our countries must be stable and well administered, must be economically and financially strong, industrially competent and technologically advanced. This will take time, but it can be done and it will be time well spent. We are enjoined by our religion to be patient. Innallahamaasabirin. Obviously there is virtue in being patient.
45.       But the defence of the ummah, the counter attack need not start only after we have put our houses in order. Even today we have sufficient assets to deploy against our detractors. It remains for us to identify them and to work out how to make use of them to stop the carnage caused by the enemy. This is entirely possible if we stop to think, to plan, to strategise and to take the first few critical steps. Even these few steps can yield positive results.
46.       We know that the Jahilliah Arabs were given to feuding, to killing each other simply because they were from different tribes. The Prophet preached the brotherhood of Islam to them and they were able to overcome their hatred for each other, become united and helped towards the establishment of the great Muslim civilisation. Can we say that what the Jahilliah (the ignorant) could do we, the modern Muslims cannot do? If not all at least some of us can do. If not the renaissance of our great civilisation, at least ensuring the security of the ummah.
47.       To do the things that are suggested will not even require all of us to give up our differences with each other. We need only to call a truce so we can act together in tackling only certain problems of common interests, the Palestine problem for example.
48.       In any struggle, in any war, nothing is more important than concerted and coordinated action. A degree of discipline is all that is needed. The Prophet lost in Jabal Uhud because his forces broke rank. We know that, yet we are unwilling to discipline ourselves and to give up our irregular and uncoordinated actions. We need to be brave but not foolhardy. We need to think not just of our reward in the afterlife but also of the worldly results of our mission.
49.       The Quran tells us that when the enemy sues for peace we must react positively. True the treaty offered is not favourable to us. But we can negotiate. The Prophet did, at Hudaibiyah. And in the end he triumphed.
50.       I am aware that all these ideas will not be popular. Those who are angry would want to reject it out of hand. They would even want to silence anyone who makes or supports this line of action. They would want to send more young men and women to make the supreme sacrifice. But where will all these lead to? Certainly not victory. Over the past 50 years of fighting in Palestine we have not achieved any result. We have in fact worsened our situation.
51.       The enemy will probably welcome these proposals and we will conclude that the promoters are working for the enemy. But think. We are up against a people who think. They survived 2000 years of pogroms not by hitting back, but by thinking. They invented and successfully promoted Socialism, Communism, human rights and democracy so that persecuting them would appear to be wrong, so they may enjoy equal rights with others. With these they have now gained control of the most powerful countries and they, this tiny community, have become a world power. We cannot fight them through brawn alone. We must use our brains also.
52.       Of late because of their power and their apparent success they have become arrogant. And arrogant people, like angry people will make mistakes, will forget to think.
53.       They are already beginning to make mistakes. And they will make more mistakes. There may be windows of opportunity for us now and in the future. We must seize these opportunities.
54.       But to do so we must get our acts right. Rhetoric is good. It helps us to expose the wrongs perpetrated against us, perhaps win us some sympathy and support. It may strengthen our spirit, our will and resolve, to face the enemy.
55.       We can and we should pray to Allah S.W.T. for in the end it is He who will determine whether we succeed or fail. We need His blessings and His help in our endeavours,
56.       But it is how we act and what we do which will determine whether He would help us and give us victory or not. He has already said so in the Quran. Again Surah Ar-Ra’d verse 11.
57.       As I said at the beginning, the whole world is looking at us, the whole Muslim ummah is placing their hopes in this conference of the leaders of Islamic nations. They expect us not just to vent our frustrations and anger, through words and gestures; not just to pray for Allah’s blessings. They expect us to do something, to act. We cannot say we cannot do anything, we the leaders of the Muslim nations. We cannot say we cannot unite even when faced with the destruction of our religion and the ummah.
58.       We know we can. There are many things that we can do. There are many resources that we have at our disposal. What is needed is merely-the will to do it, As Muslims, we must be grateful for the guidance of our religion, we must do what needs to be done, willingly and with determination. Allah has not raised us, the leaders, above the others so we may enjoy power for ourselves only. The power we wield is for our people, for the ummah, for Islam. We must have the will to make use of this power judiciously, prudently, concertedly. Insyaallah we will triumph in the end.
59.       I pray to Allah that this 10th Conference of the OIC in Putrajaya, Malaysia will give a new and positive direction to us, will be blessed with success by Him, Almighty Allah, Arahman, Arahirn.



With all of the current events that is happening just a few thousand miles away from my home I am in the hope of someone really bold like Tun Dr Mahathir could come forward and be the sparking stone to ignite the fire of the spirit of truth to save Palestinians from the cold blooded acts of genocide by the Israelis. May Allah save us all.
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